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Plantar Fasciitis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Plantar Fasciitis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Welcome to the Samobathi Pain Clinic blog! Today, we are diving into a common yet often misunderstood cause of heel pain: plantar fasciitis and its related condition, fascial rupture. These conditions can significantly impact your daily life, but with proper understanding and treatment, you can find relief and return to your active lifestyle. Read this Plantar Fasciitis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

What is Plantar Fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain. It involves low-grade inflammation of the plantar fascia, a thick band of tissue that runs across the bottom of your foot, connecting your heel bone to your toes. This inflammation is typically due to overuse or increased load on the fascia, which can occur from activities like running, jumping, or even prolonged standing. Foot deformities, inadequate biomechanics, and increased body weight can also contribute to the condition.

In some cases, plantar fasciitis may be associated with systemic disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, seronegative spondyloarthropathies, and gout. An increased incidence of plantar fasciitis is also observed in patients with Achilles tendon disease.

Plantar Fasciitis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Causes of Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis typically develops due to several contributing factors:

  • Overuse: Repetitive activities such as running or jumping place excessive strain on the plantar fascia, leading to microtears and inflammation.

  • Foot Deformities: Conditions like flat feet or high arches can alter the mechanics of how weight is distributed across the foot, placing added stress on the fascia.

  • Poor Biomechanics: Incorrect walking or running techniques can contribute to the development of plantar fasciitis by causing abnormal stress on the fascia.

  • Excess Body Weight: Carrying extra weight increases the load on the plantar fascia during weight-bearing activities, exacerbating inflammation and pain.

  • Systemic Disorders: In some cases, plantar fasciitis may be associated with systemic conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis or gout, which contribute to overall inflammation.

Symptoms of Plantar Fasciitis

Patients with plantar fasciitis commonly experience the following symptoms:

  • Localized Pain: Pain is typically felt on the infero-medial aspect of the heel, often described as a stabbing or dull ache.

  • Morning Pain: Pain tends to be most severe in the morning upon waking or after periods of rest, as the fascia tightens during inactivity.

  • Pain with Activity: Pain worsens with prolonged standing, walking, running, or climbing stairs, due to increased stress on the fascia.

Diagnosis of Plantar Fasciitis

Diagnosing plantar fasciitis involves a combination of clinical evaluation and imaging techniques:

  • Clinical Examination: Physicians assess for tenderness at the insertion point of the plantar fascia on the calcaneus (heel bone).

  • Ultrasound (US) Imaging: Crucial for confirming the diagnosis, US shows thickening of the plantar fascia (≥5 mm), a hypoechoic appearance indicating swelling, and sometimes perifascial effusion (fluid buildup) or heel spurs.

Treatment Options for Plantar Fasciitis

Effective management of plantar fasciitis typically involves conservative treatments:

  • Rest: Avoiding activities that exacerbate symptoms allows the fascia to heal and reduces inflammation.

  • Physical Therapy: Specific exercises to stretch and strengthen the plantar fascia and surrounding muscles help improve flexibility and reduce strain.

  • NSAIDs: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs provide pain relief and reduce inflammation in the affected area.

  • US-Guided Injections:

  • Surgery: Reserved for severe, persistent cases where conservative treatments have failed. Surgical intervention involves releasing the tight fascia or removing heel spurs if present, although it is considered a last resort.


Ultrasound-Guided Treatments for Plantar Fasciitis

Ultrasound plays a vital role in guiding therapeutic interventions:

  • Steroid/ PRP Injections: Administered using a posterior approach under ultrasound guidance to minimize risks like fascia rupture and fat pad atrophy. Post-treatment US confirms reduced swelling and improved fascial condition.

  • Other Therapies: US is also used for extracorporeal shock-wave therapy or needle fasciotomy, providing non-invasive options for stubborn cases of plantar fasciitis.

Additional Tips for Managing Plantar Fasciitis at Home

While professional medical treatment is essential for managing plantar fasciitis and fascial ruptures, several at-home strategies can complement your treatment plan:

  1. Stretching Exercises:

  • Regularly stretch your calves, Achilles tendon, and the bottom of your foot to help alleviate tension in the plantar fascia.

  1. Proper Footwear:

  • Wear shoes that provide good arch support and cushioning. Avoid walking barefoot on hard surfaces.

  1. Ice Therapy:

  • Apply ice to the affected heel for 15-20 minutes several times a day to reduce inflammation and pain.

  1. Orthotics:

  • Consider using orthotic inserts in your shoes to provide additional support and alleviate pressure on the plantar fascia.

  1. Weight Management:

  • Maintain a healthy weight to reduce stress on your feet.

  1. Rest:

  • Avoid activities that exacerbate your pain and allow your feet to rest and recover.

Our Commitment to Your Health

At Samobathi Pain Clinic, our goal is to provide you with the highest level of care. We stay updated with the latest advancements in the diagnosis and treatment of plantar fasciitis and other musculoskeletal conditions. Our multidisciplinary approach ensures that each patient receives a comprehensive treatment plan tailored to their specific needs.

Whether you’re dealing with chronic heel pain or a recent injury, our team is here to help. We offer a range of treatments, from conservative measures to advanced interventional procedures, to ensure you get back to doing the activities you love, pain-free.

Schedule Your Consultation Today

Don’t let heel pain hold you back. If you’re experiencing symptoms of plantar fasciitis or have concerns about your foot health, contact Samobathi Pain Clinic today. Our team of specialists is ready to assist you on your path to recovery.

Contact Us:

  • Phone: 9830448748

  • Address: 6Z Umakanta Sen Lane Kolkata 700030

Visit our WEBSITE to learn more about our services and to book your appointment online.

Thank you for choosing Samobathi Pain Clinic. We look forward to helping you achieve optimal health and well-being.

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